Why FG and States should join OSGOF to combat desertification and drought

In this report, MOSES ORJIME writes about the role of the Surveyor's Office
General of the Federation (OSGOF) in geospatial information and mappings for project management such as COVID-19, desertification, drought and erosion control

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To achieve drought control and
combat the desert invasion, and
devastating states of ravine erosion in the
northeast region and some states
in the southeast and south of the south,
geospatial information and mapping of affected areas must be performed before engineering projects are made for effective construction work.

The only institution charged with knowledge and the constitutional role to assume this responsibility is the Office of the General Surveyor of the Federation (OSGOF), which
has shown tremendous strength and capacity over the years, including its current role in mapping the number of cases infected with COVID-19 in states across the country.

Your daily mapping made available to the Presidential Task Force's PTF and the media clearly shows the sizes of maps in the states according to the number of cases recorded in the affected states, and their interpretation is set aside on

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numeric terms to show states with low, high and no cases.

Experts said there is absolutely no infrastructure development, such as roads, flood control, housing, agriculture, electricity, etc. that does not require effective and adequate mapping before the works start.

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Desert invasion and bank erosion are natural disasters capable of destroying natural and mineral resources, agricultural land, houses, roads and other major infrastructure
government at the local, state and federal levels. The threat over time has devastated and destroyed communities' livelihoods
all over the country.

Just a few days ago, the minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Development, Sadiya Faruk Umar, inaugurated the National Steering Committee for the Multisectoral Crisis Recovery Project.
(MCRP) – Lake Chad Region Recovery and Development Project (PROLAC), in Abuja.

The inauguration is to start activities for the effective implementation of MCRPPROLAC AF, in response to the challenge faced
the Northeast and based on the Assessment of Recovery and Peacebuilding (RPBA).

The minister, in her comments, said: “The Lake Chad Region Recovery and Development Project (PROLAC) is a World Bank Project designed to support the recovery and development of the
Lake Chad region, after the devastation of the Boko Haram insurgency,
Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. "

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However, what was clearly missing from the steering committee is the failure to represent employees of the Surveyor General's Office; its non-inclusion in the committee will therefore suggest that there may be no geospatial and mapping information from the north.
east region before undertaking the construction of the necessary infrastructure in the area.

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This is a negative sign for the committee because
it will certainly be more expensive to use consultants to develop geospatial information and mappings in the northeast. It may have been
supervision, considering the urgency in which the steering committee was inaugurated, but it is not too late to include and expand its members to accommodate relevant institutions
of government that would greatly facilitate the appointment of the committee.
"Nigeria is joining this project by restructuring the Multi-Sectoral Crisis Recovery Project (MCRP) currently underway in the states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe," said the minister.

Continuing: “Initially, a $ 200 million project, initiated on February 16, 2018, MCRP has made significant progress, as evidenced by the World Bank's interim report on
November 2019 and; Is on track to achieve its project development goals
(DOP) and results, despite a 10-month delay in board approval for effectiveness ”.

She added that “the MCRP 1 Implementation Model proved to be successful in putting the region on the road to recovery and stability, providing the basis for the Federal Government.
Government requests that Nigeria be included in the Lake Chad Region Recovery and Development Project financed by AID – PROLAC, through additional funding for the MCRP, in order to address the unmet needs gap in the participating states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe.
“MCRP-PROLAC AF was approved by the World Bank Council on May 26, 2020 as additional funding for the MCRP in the amount of US $ 176 million, bringing the project portfolio to US $ 376 million. As a result, Nigeria joins Cameroon, Chad and the Republic of Niger in implementing the project. The project will complement existing state, national and regional strategies, including the AU-LCBC Regional Stabilization Strategy for Lake Chad ”.

Consequently, the inspector general of the Federation, Samuel Taiwo, through the Minister of Works and Housing, Babatunde Fasshola, created an awareness of the need for Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs)
with OSGOF, to develop information and map government projects before execution.

So far, some government institutions have begun to comply, as OSGOF has developed geospatial information and mapping for community policing by the Nigeria Police Force (PFN).
The southern states of Lagos, rivers and parts of Anambra have volumes of refugees who are there defending themselves for several
housework, including okada. Undoubtedly, these states also need government assistance.
The government's political objective in the National Survey is to ensure adequate and almost accurate mapping of all federal government projects prior to implementation, and to provide accurate information and roadmap for the implementation and construction of projects in all sectors of the nation.

Therefore, it should be made very clear to all MDAs that the Surveyor General's office has been authorized to support and develop maps that would serve as a guide for all governments.

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