The second day of the impeachment trial follows its ceremonial opening last week, when U.S. Chief Justice John Roberts, who will preside over the case, swore in the senators as jurors.
Senators are expected to vote Tuesday on a resolution of rules proposed by Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell. Democrats rejected the proposal and promised to introduce amendments.
Here are all the most recent updates from Tuesday, January 21st:
Very few smiles
After more than four hours of debate, the mood in the Senate was bleak, as the two sides seemed locked in opposition.
At the beginning of the day, the atmosphere was expectant, even exciting. But when the debate started, it quickly changed when House managers and the White House defense team began to make their case.
With all of the hundred senators sitting at their designated tables in the Senate chamber and presiding over the Supreme Court presidency, most senators seemed to be listening intently, with serious looks on their faces. Some took notes.
There were very few smiles.
Schumer presents the second movement
Schumer filed a second motion demanding a subpoena from the State Department records and documents to be introduced at the trial. The Senate is expected to debate the motion for up to two hours.
Trump's trial similar to Clinton's
After some last minute changes on Tuesday, the proposed rules for Trump's impeachment trial are now largely similar to those used in the former president's trial Bill Clinton in 1999.
After approving the rules, the Senate will hear arguments from lawyers on both sides before debating whether to look for testimonies and documents. Ultimately, they will reach the final vote on the two charges against Trump.
Still, there may be some important differences with the Clinton trial.
Clinton's Republican prosecutors already had evidence compiled by then-independent adviser Kenneth Starr. House Democrats who are accusing Trump of abusing power and obstructing Congress because of his business in Ukraine have had to compile their own evidence and are trying to provoke witnesses who refused to testify. If there are witnesses at the Trump trial, your testimony will be new, unlike the witnesses testified at the Clinton trial.
Who is Chief Justice Roberts?
US Chief Justice John Roberts is dealing with dual responsibilities in the Supreme Court and in President Donald Trump's impeachment trial.
Roberts, 64, oversaw the Supreme Court's consecutive arguments in the morning then he shifted gears and moved, entering the Senate holding two large binders preside over the full opening session of the impeachment trial.
Senate votes to block evidence
The US Senate voted 53 votes in favor 47 against the table, or killed the Democrats' demand for new evidence to be included in the trial.
The vote, which followed the party's lines, is a sign that the trial could continue in favor of Trump.
Schumer says updating the rules resolution shows more commitment & # 39; is possible & # 39;
Senate Democratic minority leader Chuck Schumer said that today a McConnell grant will allow House managers three days instead of two to present the House case, showing that greater witness engagement is possible.
Schumer, speaking to reporters in the Senate, added that he thought the president's lawyers' case was "extremely weak" and "amusing, nothing to do with documents and evidence".
"Swearing, hitting the table is not enough to argue about merit," said Schumer.
Cipollone makes reference to senators running for president
White House lawyer Pat Cipollone, during his arguments on Tuesday, said that some of the senators running for president and hearing the impeachment trial in Washington prefer to campaign in Iowa.
In arguing that the political stakes were too high for a trial he said was politically motivated, Cipollone noted: "In nine months, there will be an election." He later added, "Some of you are upset that you should be in Iowa now."
The caucuses in that state begin the primary vote in less than two weeks. Four senators at the trial are running for Democratic ticket.
Cipollone: & # 39; The president has done absolutely nothing wrong & # 39;
President Donald Trump's attorney Pat Cipollone claimed Trump's innocence when arguing in support of a Republican proposal to postpone the decision to allow new witnesses or documents until the end of the trial.
"The only conclusion will be that the president has done absolutely nothing wrong," said Cipollone.
"There is absolutely no case," he added.
Schiff: Trump committed a & # 39; trio of constitutional misconduct & # 39;
Democratic Representative Adam Schiff, who helped lead the House's impeachment investigation, summed up the charges against Trump during the Senate trial on Tuesday, saying the Republican President had committed a "trifecta of constitutional misconduct justifying impeachment" .
Schiff said that while the evidence against Trump "is already overwhelming", more testimony is needed to show the full scope of the president's and the people around him.
Americans want a fair trial.
They want to believe that their government is still able to rise to the occasion.
They want to believe that we can stand out, do what is best for our country.
Unfortunately, many Americans doubt that this is still possible.
We will prove that they are wrong. pic.twitter.com/VGor4FSQdS
– Adam Schiff (@RepAdamSchiff) January 21, 2020
Schumer offers the first amendment
Democratic minority leader Chuck Schumer offered the first amendment to the impeachment trial, calling for the ability to subpoena White House documents related to Trump's negotiations with Ukraine, including any withheld aid.
Trump evaluates trial in Davos Senate
Trump revived a family defense against the impeachment case against him: that the July 25 transcript of his phone call with Ukrainian President Volodmyr Zelenskyy absolves him.
"Read the transcripts!" Trump tweeted from Davos, Switzerland, where he is participating in the 50th World Economic Forum.
READ THE TRANSCRIPTIONS!
– Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) January 21, 2020
Senator asks people to call the Senate and demand witnesses and evidence
Democratic Senator Brian Schatz tweeted on Tuesday: "202-224-3121 is the number and requests witnesses and documents. Thanks."
Democrats said they would introduce amendments to the rulemaking resolution presented by Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell, which would allow witnesses and documents to be subpoenaed. McConnell said he would submit all requests until after the first phase of filing the argument.
McConnell updates rule resolution
Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell introduced an updated rule resolution at the beginning of President Donald Trump's impeachment trial.
The original rules said that House managers and Trump's lawyers will have 24 hours in two days to present their cases. The new rules now allow 24 hours for three days.
The revised rules also allow registration of the impeachment inquiry in the Chamber to be admitted as evidence at the Senate trial.
White House rejects Democrats' claim that Trump's lawyer is a material witness
The White House rejected a Democrats' request that Trump's attorney Pat Cipollone disclose any first-hand knowledge he had of withholding aid to Ukraine, which is at the heart of the Senate judgment on whether or not Trump should be removed from office. .
"The idea that the president's council has to deliver protected documents and confidential information is ridiculous and to imply that he cannot represent the president of the United States in an impeachment process is completely absurd," said the White House spokesman, Hogan Gidley. .
The impeachment trial begins in earnest
The second day of Trump's impeachment trial began just before 1:30 pm local time (6:30 pm GMT).
Schumer says he will immediately seek amendments to subpoenas and documents
House minority leader Chuck Schumer said he would immediately seek changes to the rules proposed by the Republicans for the trial, which would allow summons of witnesses and documents.
Under the proposed rules of the Senate majority leader, Mitch McConnell, the question of witnesses would not be addressed until after the arguments were opened and the question and answer session.
"The evidence should inform the arguments, not after the conclusion," said Schumer.
Republican senators will face a choice about getting the facts or joining Senator McConnell and President Trump in an attempt to cover them up.
This is a historic moment.
America's eyes are watching. pic.twitter.com/Jie7RfpXY9
– Chuck Schumer (@SenSchumer) January 21, 2020
McConnell says subpoena amendments will be presented
McConnell said he would submit any Democratic amendments to subpoenas and witnesses even documents after the first phase of the trial.
According to McConnell's proposed rules, the question of witnesses would not be addressed until after the arguments were opened and the question and answer session.
Democratic House leaders criticize rule resolution
Adam Schiff and Jerrold Nadler, chairmen of the House's Intelligence and Judiciary committees and two of the managers who will present the impeachment case against Trump in the Senate, joined their Democratic colleagues in enacting a McConnell proposed rule resolution.
"This is not a process for a fair trial, but for a fraudulent one," Schiff told reporters shortly before the Senate trial began on Tuesday. He called the resolution "cover-up".
Meanwhile, Nadler said, "There is no trial in this country where you don't admit relative witnesses."
Senate Democrats to seek subpoena from White House documents
Schumer said he would try to change the resolution to be released on Tuesday, which outlines the procedure for Trump's impeachment trial, in order to obtain records of communications about U.S. aid to Ukraine.
"The first amendment I am going to offer will ask the Senate to subpoena White House documents related to the charges against the president," said Schumer, adding that he would introduce a series of amendments to the trial process. "No one can argue that these documents are not directly related to the charges against the president and should be reviewed by the Senate."
Democrats: Trump lawyer Cipollone a material witness
Democrats who will discuss the case to remove Trump from office demanded on Tuesday that Trump's personal lawyer, Pat Cipollone, disclose any first-hand knowledge he has of evidence he will present at the Senate impeachment trial, calling him of material witness.
"You must disclose all the facts and information of which you have firsthand knowledge that will be in question in connection with the evidence you present or the arguments you present in your role as the President's legal counsel, so that the Senate and the Chief Justice can be assessed. Of any potential ethical problems, conflicts or prejudices ", wrote the managers of the Chamber of Deputies in a letter to Cipollone.
Trump in Davos when the World Economic Forum starts
The 50th World Economic Forum started in Switzerland, with an agenda strongly focused on climate change, while world leaders struggle to face the crisis.
The annual four-day meeting of some of the world's leading political and business leaders in the Swiss Alps is looking to tackle the dangers to the environment and the global warming economy head-on.
Trump, who has repeatedly expressed skepticism about climate change, praised the U.S. economy in his speech on Tuesday morning, hours before his impeachment trial began in Washington, DC.
Read More on here.
#MitchMcCoverup trends ahead of the trial rules debate
Annoyed by the package of rules proposed by Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell, Democratic supporters have criticized Republicans and called for rules that guarantee a fair trial. #MitchMcCoverup was featured on Twitter Monday night through Tuesday.
Many, also using #MidnightMitch, said they were outraged that according to McConnell's proposed rules, the opening arguments could be past midnight. Others asked McConnell to allow witnesses.
Will Judge Roberts want to work a 12-hour shift in the Senate after working at the Supreme Court every morning? #MitchMcCoverupthe rules are not only strict for senators, it is absolutely cruel for Judge Roberts.
– Kate (@SurvivingMyWay) January 21, 2020
If McConnell insists on doing this test at a time when most people are asleep, this is a cover-up.
The media should describe you as such. Enough of this false equivalence of "both sides". We all know what Mitch is doing here.
– David Cicilline (@davidcicilline) January 20, 2020
Republican head proposes quick trial with long days
On Monday, McConnell proposed a set of rules that provided for a quick trial, with long days scheduled to open arguments.
The resolution would allow Chamber managers, who act as prosecutors, up to 24 hours over two days, to present their case. Trump's defense team would have the same amount of time. The arguments would be followed by 16 hours for questions and answers from the senators and then four hours of debate.
Democrats criticized the resolution, calling it a "national disgrace". While Democrats must propose amendments, Republicans have a 53-47 majority in the Senate and their preferred rule package must be approved.
How does impeachment work?
Here is a step-by-step guide to the US impeachment process: