FP TrendingJune 21, 2020 10:24:09 AM
The Earth will witness an annular solar eclipse on Sunday, June 21, and people in India will be able to watch this annual celestial event in action.
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the earth. When this happens, the moon prevents sunlight from reaching the earth. The moon's shadow is then cast on the earth.
There are three types of solar eclipses:
First, there is a total solar eclipse – which is only visible in a small area of the Earth. For the phenomenon to occur, the sun, moon and earth must be in a direct line.
The second is the partial solar eclipse, when the sun, moon and earth are not exactly aligned.
The solar eclipse of June 21, however, is an annular eclipse and is the third type. This happens when the moon is farthest from the earth, according to the NASA blog. As the moon is farther from Earth, it looks smaller and does not block the entire view of the sun. The moon is in front of the sun and looks like a dark disk on top of an even larger disk that appears as a ring of fire.
Solar Eclipse 2020 date and time
The eclipse will be annulled in some parts of the country, where sky watchers will have the opportunity to observe the "ring of fire" during the phenomenon, an official said on Monday. However, for most of the country, the eclipse will be partial.
The path of the annular solar eclipse will begin near Gharsana, Rajasthan, around 10:12 am IST and the annulity phase will start around 11:49 am IST and will end at 11:50 am IST, director of Planetarium MP Birla Debi Prasad Duari told PTI.
The ring of fire will be visible for a minute in places like Suratgarh and Anupgarh in Rajasthan, Sirsa, Ratia and Kurukshetra in Haryana, and Dehradun, Chamba, Chamoli and Joshimath in Uttarakhand. According to the Nehru Planetarium, the solar eclipse will be visible for the first time in Bhuj, Gujarat, starting at 9:58 am IST and will be seen ending in Dibrugarh, Assam, at 2:29 pm IST.
In Kolkata, the partial eclipse will begin at 10:46 am and end at 2:17 pm, while the time will be 10:20 am to 1:48 pm in New Delhi, from 10:00 am to 1:27 pm in Mumbai, from Mumbai. 10:22 am – IST at 1:41 pm IST in Chennai and between 10.13 am IST and 1.31 pm IST in Bangalore
On June 21, the annular eclipse will begin for the first time for the people of Congo in Africa and will progress through South Sudan, Ethiopia, Yemen, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Indian Ocean and Pakistan, before entering India over Rajasthan. It will then proceed to Tibet, China and Taiwan, before ending in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
This will be the last eclipse to be seen from India in the next 28 months, as the next eclipse will be seen in India on October 25, 2022.
How to watch the solar eclipse online
For people who live in parts of the country where the eclipse is visible, you can go out and watch the annual solar eclipse. However, it is important to maintain social distance due to the COVID-19 pandemic and to have adequate eye protection, because looking directly at the sun can cause permanent damage to the retina of the eye. If you are not in the areas where the eclipse is visible or do not want to leave, watch the phenomenon online. TimeandDate and Slooh broadcast the eclipse live on YouTube and you can also follow the eclipse path using NASA tracker.
With contributions from agencies
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