Major US cities are returning to normal. The world is full of warning stories.
Many of the most populous cities in the United States cautiously adopted the reopening of major businesses on Friday.
Governor Andrew M. Cuomo of New York said he expected New York City, where more than 20,000 people died virus, to meet various benchmarks that would allow stores to be opened for collection on the sidewalk or inside the store, in addition to restarting non-essential construction and manufacturing. About 400,000 people could return to work at this early stage.
Other major cities that have faced death and economic calamity, such as Washington and Los Angeles, have also announced plans to continue their reopening, allowing restaurants, salons and barber shops to open their doors, with new security guidelines.
Cuomo joins many authorities around the world to decide that the benefits of recovering economies outweigh the risks of new infections. But how the total number of coronavirus cases approaches six million, other countries are learning that the risks do not disappear overnight:
At the India, a nation of 1.3 billion people, a severe block has been eased and can end completely as soon as Sunday. But migrant workers are being infected at an alarmingly high rate, leading to new outbreaks in northern villages and Mumbai hospitals are overburdened.Advertisement
At the Iraq, all travel between provinces was interrupted for the second time. Baghdad was almost completely stopped on Friday, and home stay orders were enforced by neighborhood blocks
At the Israel, where schools reopened weeks ago, more than 100 new cases were reported on Friday, the level that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had warned would lead to the restoration of a strict blockade.Advertisement
At the Great Britain, where from Monday more outdoor social gatherings will be allowed and some schools are expected to reopen, at least three members of the government's main scientific advisory panel have publicly warned against relaxing restrictions.
If the reopening of offices, restaurants and other public places looks stunning, the rules of travel between nations are becoming disconcerting.
Travel bubbles and airline corridors to allow free movement between certain cities or countries, quarantines and a variety of other measures result in a puzzle for even the most intrepid travelers.
Nowhere are the logistical challenges more frightening than in Europe, where the pandemic has brought a sudden return of borders between the 26 countries that are part of the so-called Schengen zone. Optimistic pronouncements about reducing restrictions for summer travelers found the reality of a patchwork of policies.
"It would be great if all of this could be compressed into something easy to understand, but it is a very complex picture," said Adalbert Jahnz, spokesman for internal affairs, migration and citizenship at the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union. Unity.
European officials are working on an interactive map that explains all the rules between member states. But it will offer a confused picture of closed and open borders, with individual member states reaching bilateral and multilateral agreements with neighbors.
For example, Bulgaria, Serbia and Greece are expected to open borders between themselves on 1 June. Greece, desperate to save its tourism industry, also released an expanded list in Friday from 29 countries from which it will allow travel from June 15th.
The Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia have started to implement a similar agreement.
France, Germany and other Western European nations spoke about facilitating border control for other EU countries. Member States on 15 June, the day on which the European Commission's guidelines call for non-essential travel to the EU to be suspended. will expire.
Traveling outside the block can be an even more difficult issue.
If the European border-free zone is restored, when a country allows foreign travelers to enter, it means that all countries have effectively done so.
The European Commission, which can only offer guidance, is still debating which approach to take. But officials said that an intermediate position – restrictions more targeted on countries based on criteria such as the loading of virus cases – is unlikely to be attractive because it would create a whole set of scientific, diplomatic and political challenges.
Other countries are also reviewing travel restrictions. Hong Kong says it will allow airline passengers to pass through the airport as of Monday, after suspending service on March 25. But all passengers connecting to other flights via Hong Kong International Airport will be subject to coronavirus exams, including temperature checks, and are at risk of being placed in government quarantine for 14 days if they show a high temperature and show positive results for Covid-19.
The vote was 5-4, with Judge John G. Roberts Jr. joining the liberal wing of four members of the court to form a majority. It was the court's first attempt to balance the public health crisis against the protection of religious freedom in the Constitution. It also expanded the court's involvement in the consequences of the pandemic, following decisions on voting in Wisconsin and prisons in Texas and Ohio.
"Although California guidelines impose restrictions on places of worship, these restrictions appear consistent with the First Amendment free exercise clause," wrote Judge Roberts in a concurring opinion in the unsigned decision.
"Similar or more severe restrictions apply to comparable secular gatherings, including lectures, concerts, film screenings, spectator sports and theatrical performances, where large groups of people gather nearby for long periods of time," wrote the chief justice. . "And the request exempts or deals with more indulgence only different activities, such as operating supermarkets, banks and laundries, in which people do not gather in large groups or remain close for long periods."
Judges Clarence Thomas, Samuel A. Alito Jr., Neil M. Gorsuch and Brett M. Kavanaugh disagreed.
"The church and its congregants simply want to be treated equally with comparable secular businesses," wrote Judge Kavanaugh in a differing opinion, accompanied by Judges Thomas and Gorsuch. "California already trusts its residents and several companies to adhere to the proper social practices of distance and hygiene."
“The state cannot,” wrote Judge Kavanaugh, citing a decision by the appellate court in a different case, “& # 39; assume the worst when people go to worship, but assume the best when people go to work or they spend the rest of their daily lives in permitted social settings. & # 39; ”
The case was presented by the South Bay United Pentecostal Church in Chula Vista, which said Governor Gavin Newsom, a Democrat, had lost sight of the special status of religion in the constitutional framework.
"The Covid-19 pandemic is a national tragedy," wrote church lawyers in their Supreme Court Summary, "But it would be equally tragic if the federal judiciary allowed the" fog of war "to be an excuse to violate fundamental constitutional rights."
Our Berlin-based reporter Patrick Kingsley and Times photojournalist Laetitia Vancon are driving more than 3,700 miles across Europe to document changes in an emerging continent of coronavirus blockages. Here is the last dispatch, from Geneva. Read them all.
The first people arrived before two in the morning
At 4 am, more than 100 people were waiting in the dark outside the ice hockey stadium.
At 7 am, the line stretched for over a kilometer and, in the early afternoon of last Saturday, almost 3,000 residents of Geneva, one of the richest cities in the world, crossed the stadium to receive a food package worth of $ 25.
In medical terms, Geneva was not as dominated by the coronavirus crisis as other areas in Western Europe. But the crisis has been ruined for undocumented and underpaid workers, often overlooked in a city best known for its bankers, watchmakers and UN employees – and most low-income people have had to rely on charity to survive.
Finally, this demand led volunteers and city officials to establish a weekly food bank at the ice hockey stadium near the river.
Among those queuing up last weekend was Sukhee Shinendorj, 38, from Mongolia, who lived on the edge of poverty even before the pandemic. He woke up at 1 pm and walked three kilometers to the stadium to try to cross the line. But several people were already there waiting.
"Catastrophe," he said of his situation. "It is a catastrophe."
Behind him in the darkness, a giant Rolex logo shone at the watchmaker's headquarters across the street – a stark juxtaposition in a city that is being forced to recognize its deep social inequalities.
The coronavirus appears to have hit Yemen, an amazing country after five years of war, competing centers of power, a ruined health system, widespread famine and outbreaks of cholera and other infectious diseases.
But the denial of the outbreak in the northern Houthi-controlled north, the absence of clear authority in the divided south and the depletion of aid everywhere prevented any hope of limiting the spread of the virus.
With few tests available and the government and hospitals in disarray, it is difficult to measure the true spread of the virus in a country where the war claimed 100,000 lives, air strikes killed thousands of civilians and destroyed hospitals and schools, and UN officials accused the Houthis. . rebels to divert humanitarian aid.
And while some Ministry of Health officials asked senior officials to disclose the true numbers so that emergency medical professionals and the public could understand the seriousness of the threat, the ministry said this week that other countries' decisions to release their health counts coronavirus “had created a state of fear and anxiety that was more deadly than the disease itself. "
"People in power did not recognize or reveal the correct information to the public," said Osamah al-Rawhani, deputy director of the Center for Strategic Studies Sanaa, a Beirut think tank focused on Yemen. "And secrecy makes people do the wrong things because they got the wrong message."
After spending weeks accusing the World Health Organization of helping the Chinese government to cover up the early days of the coronavirus epidemic in China, President Trump said on Friday that the United States would end his relationship with the agency.
"The world is now suffering as a result of the Chinese government's misconduct," Trump said in a speech at the Rose Garden. "Countless lives have been taken and deep economic difficulties have been inflicted across the world."
There is no evidence that W.H.O. or the government in Beijing concealed the extent of the epidemic in China, and public health experts often see Trump's accusations as a way to divert attention from the government's own damaged response to the spread of the virus in the United States.
A spokeswoman for W.H.O. in Geneva, where news of Trump's announcement arrived around 9 pm, said the agency would have no response until Saturday.
Public health experts in the United States reacted with alarm.
“We helped create W.H.O.,” said Dr. Thomas Frieden, former director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who has worked with the organization since its creation in 1948. “Turning its back on W.H.O. makes us and the world less safe, ”he added.
In another symbolic move by a growing party division over how to deal with the virus, the White House informed Congress on Friday that Trump administration officials will only testify in Congress if committee leaders agree to conduct hearings in person.
The decision represented a direct challenge to the new House rules that allow committees and legislators to conduct their work remotely during the coronavirus pandemic.
Medical experts feared this would blind the country to the spread of infections, allowing cases to explode and flood hospitals. But instead, Japan – the grayest country in the world and a popular tourist destination with large crowded cities – has one of Covid-19's lowest death rates among major countries.
Japan's medical system has not been overloaded and its government has never forced companies to close, although many have chosen to do so. This week, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe declared Japan's battle against the outbreak a resounding success and took the country out of a kind of "lite lockdown" that lasted only a month and a half.
"By doing things in an exclusively Japanese way, we have managed to almost completely end this wave of infection," said Abe, adding that what he called "Japan's model" offered a way out of the global pandemic.
It is not yet clear, exactly, what explains the conquest of Japan and what other countries can learn from it. Critics say Japan accounted for deaths from coronavirus. And some warn that new waves of infection could undermine the government's congratulations.
Britain's police must not take further action with the death of a ticket kiosk employee at one of London's busiest railway stations who tested positive for the coronavirus after being spit and coughed at work by a man who claimed to have the virus. .
Detective Chief Inspector Sam Blackburn, British Transport Police said in a statement on Friday, they were "confident" that the Victoria station episode had not led to the death of 47-year-old employee Belly Mujinga last month.
The Transport Police said it analyzed images from the television circuit of what happened to Mujinga and interviewed those involved – including a possible suspect, a 57-year-old man from London. They concluded that "there is no evidence to prove any criminal offense that occurred and that Belly Mujinga's tragic death was not a consequence of that incident".
Worker safety is likely to be a priority Andy Byford, the former New York transit leader who is about to take command of London's leading transport agency. The Transport for London agency recently accepted a government bailout of 1.6 billion pounds, about $ 2 billion, under conditions that include the full-service catering in four weeks.
After a dengue epidemic sickened more than 100,000 people and left 180 dead in Honduras last year, officials prepared for another outbreak in mosquito-borne disease this year and wondered how they would cope.
Then the coronavirus arrived, launching the country into an arduous public health battle on two fronts – a crisis mirrored in several nations, particularly in developing countries.
In the Caribbean and Latin America, where the number of coronavirus cases has increased dramatically, at least nine countries have stopped some immunization activities, threatening efforts to control diseases such as polio, tuberculosis and measles.
Dengue is also plaguing nations in Southeast Asia, including Indonesia, another country hit by the coronavirus. And in Africa, health officials are concerned about recent outbreaks of yellow fever, cholera, measles and Ebola, among other diseases.
Vaccination programs in at least 68 countries have been "substantially impeded", according to a statement released last week by the World Health Organization, UNICEF and Gavi, a public-private partnership that helps deliver vaccines to developing countries. And the suspensions could affect about 80 million children under the age of 1.
The pandemic "showed the vulnerabilities of many countries in different ways," said Dr. Richard Mihigo, Africa coordinator for the World Health Organization's immunization and vaccine development program.
Many countries, he said, "are almost on their knees, paralyzed".
The 665-page Premier League manual shows how the club should be run, what players should use when performing tasks off the pitch and other finer points around the operations of the most popular domestic sports league in the world.
But two months after the season's suspension, the Premier League finally resisted the temptation to pretend it never happened. There is already a 50-page appendix in the manual that governs how teams should safely return to training. And, with a series of possible warnings, the matches will return on June 17.
"The arrival of an aggressive pathogen is not, after all, the only thing that may have caused football to cease," writes Rory. "The war has done this in the past, civil unrest has done it elsewhere, and player strikes have done it in other sports."
A major Cambodian general died of the coronavirus on a UN peacekeeping mission in Mali, Cambodian officials said on Saturday, the second such death among peacekeepers around the world.
Major-General Sor Savy, 63, who died on Friday, was sent to the troubled African nation in April last year. Before the pandemic, forcing the United Nations to postpone the rotation of troops, he and his team were due to return home last month.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said on Friday that Covid-19 had claimed its first two victims among peacekeepers, but did not identify them by name. A peacemaker from El Salvador died of the disease on Thursday.
Guterres said the pandemic has changed the way peacekeeping troops operate, but it has not changed their "service, sacrifice and self-denial".
More than 95,000 men and women serve in 13 UN missions around the world. UN officials say there are 137 confirmed cases of the virus among peacekeepers, most of them in Mali.
Cambodia contributes about 800 soldiers to UN missions, including 300 in Mali. Two other Cambodian peacekeepers stationed at the scene tested positive, said Cambodian officials.
"Ser Savy's death is a huge sacrifice for a Cambodian soldier on a humanitarian mission under the auspices of the UN and the loss of a brilliant Cambodian soldier," said a Cambodian Ministry of Defense spokesman, Chhum Socheat, in a Facebook post on Saturday.
As countries begin to launch plans to restart their economies after the brutal and sharp drop in greenhouse gas emissions caused by coronavirus pandemic, the three largest producers of gases that cause global warming – the European Union, the United States and China – are writing scripts that take humanity in very different directions.
Europe this week set a vision for a green future, with a proposed recovery package worth more than $ 800 billion that would transition the block away from fossil fuels and get people to work to make old buildings efficient in terms of energy.
China has given the go-ahead to build new coal plants, but has also refused to set specific targets for economic growth for this year – a move that was a relief to environmentalists.
As their recovery plans are taking shape, political pressure on world leaders has eased: on Thursday, the United Nations announced that the next round of global climate negotiations, scheduled for Glasgow in November, would be postponed. for an entire year.
Monkeys in India escaped with Covid-19 blood samples.
A troop of monkeys attacked a laboratory technician in a city near the capital of India, taking blood samples from three coronavirus patients who were being treated at a university hospital.
The technician in Meerut, on the outskirts of New Delhi, was carrying the samples for routine testing at the Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical School on Tuesday, when the monkeys attacked.
Media coverage was widespread in India, most alarmed: aggressive monkeys are a problem worldwide, and many viewers were upset that potentially dangerous medical samples were vulnerable.
"Monkeys have been a big threat here," said Dr. S.K. Garg, director of the college. "Previously, the patients themselves fed them, and now it looks like they are short of food and are desperate."
Video recording it appeared to show a monkey chewing the samples while perched on top of a tree, then dropping some of the loot on the ground below.
Dr. Dheeraj Raj, the college's senior administrator, said the hospital planned to suspend the technician because he had recorded videos of the monkeys instead of returning to work.
"These are sensitive times," he said.
When experts recommend wearing masks, staying at least five feet away from others, washing your hands frequently and avoiding crowded spaces, what they are really saying is: try to minimize the amount of viruses you encounter .
The immune system can see some viral particles without making you sick. But how much does it take for an infection to take root?
It would be unethical for scientists to expose people to different doses of the coronavirus, as with milder cold viruses. Common respiratory viruses, such as influenza and other coronaviruses, should offer some tips. But the researchers found little consistency.
For SARS, also a coronavirus, the estimated infected dose is just a few hundred particles. For MERS, it is much larger, in the order of thousands.
The new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is more similar to SARS and therefore the infectious dose could be hundreds of particles, said Rasmussen.
Sui-Lee Wee is a correspondent for the New York Times who until recently resided in Beijing, where she covered gender, health care and other issues in China. This is her story of going back to Singapore.
"Hey, who are these men?" my 4-year-old son, Luke, said in a video call with his nanny in Beijing, while looking at masked engines that carried cardboard boxes.
Our nanny was coordinating the packaging of our furniture for storage, because my family was trapped in Singapore, about 5,000 kilometers away.
History: In March, China banned all foreign residents from returning, leaving us stranded in Singapore. My husband, Tom, and I did not want to pay rent on two apartments, so we decided to set up the only house my two children had ever known.
The only problem was that Luke, desperately homesick, still didn't know that.
"They are helping us to fix some things," explained Tom.
"What? Are all the doors broken?
A week earlier, our nanny had toured our apartment and sent several video clips of our belongings: the pink rocking bicycle that Luke never rode, Liam's crib, Luke's bunk. Everything seemed frozen in time. Our Pompeii.
I couldn't decide how to discuss the matter with Luke. I always told him about what was going on in the world (within reason), but Beijing was his world. and he still asked repeatedly, "Why did we stay in Singapore for so long?"
Then, while I was giving him the bath, I dove. – Hey, do you know the men you saw in the video today? They were transferring our things to a big pantry. Break. "And maybe one day we can go back and get them back."
"Oh, ok," replied Luke.
That's it? I thought. It was a reminder not to put my anxieties on my children. I hope the children are doing well.
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The reports were contributed by Ian Austen, Choe Sang-Hun, Emily Cochrane, Vivian Yee, Kirk Semple, Ben Dooley, Jenny Gross, Makiko Inoue, Andrew Jacobs, Annie Karni, Adam Liptak, Richard C. Paddock, Robin Pogrebin, Apoorva Mandavilli , Donald G. McNeil Jr., Alissa J. Rubin, Marc Santora, Kai Schultz, Somini Sengupta, Daniel Slotnik, Rory Smith, Sun Narin, Suhasini Raj, Anton Troianovski, Sameer Yasir, Vivian Wang and Sui-Lee Wee.