In an attempt to rest the specter of the presidential election overturned on June 12, 1993, President Muhammadu Buhari declared on June 12, democracy day. The then military head of state, General Ibrahim Babangida, annulled the election that the late chief M. K. O. Abiola would have won. This change was met with national crisis and unrest.
John Chukwu features 12 things you probably didn't know about June 12th.
1. Abiola was a product of the main part canceled
Perhaps it is interesting to know that the first primary election conducted by Abiola's party – the Social Democratic Party (SDP) – has been canceled. Shehu Musa Yar & # 39; adua won the primary election, but the military banned anyone who challenged it. This paved the way for Abiola to embark on the next primary, in which Babagana Kingibe and Atku Abubakar briefly won.
2. The June election was considered the most free and fair election
National and international observers have declared the election the fairest and fairest election in Nigeria's history. It was reported that Abiola won her rival Bashir Tofa from the Republican National Convention (NRC) in her home state, Kano.
3. Abiola's campaign slogans attracted the majority of Nigerians
Hope 93 was the slogan of Abiola's campaign. He had slogans that reflected the dire condition of most Nigerians. They included: “Goodbye to poverty” “Finally! Our rays of hope ”and the“ burden of education ”. As a renowned philanthropist, people expected him to free Nigerians from poverty when he assumed the presidency.
4. Reasons Babangida gave for canceling the election
General Babangida described several reasons for canceling the election conducted by the president of the National Electoral Commission (NEC), Humphrey Nwosu. In the decree that annulled the election, he emphasized challenges to the judiciary, flawed legal procedures and the need for the courts to resolve allegations of corruption against presidential candidates, including the manipulation of votes on election day, as the main reasons for his actions . .
5. Shonekan was appointed head of interim government
After the annulment, Babanginda handed over power to a lawyer and businessman, Chief Ernest Shonekan on August 26, 1993. Shonekan was on January 2, 1993 he took over the Transitional Council and head of government in Babangida's government. This was the final phase that would lead to a scheduled delivery to an elected democratic leader.
6. Abacha took over
Although Babangida handed over power to Shonekan, the government was still under the subtle control of the armed forces. This came to light when General Sani Abacha, in a coup d'état, on November 17, 1993 seized power from Shonekan.
7. Abiola declared himself president
Having come to the conclusion that Abacha was not willing to hand over power to him in 1994 in the Epetedo area on the island of Lagos, Abiola declared himself the legitimate president of Nigeria.
8. Abacha arrested Abiola
This act made Abacha declare that Abiola wanted to. He accused Abiola of treason and reportedly sent 200 police vehicles to arrest him.
9. And Abiola's wife was murdered
Abiola's wife, Alhaja Kudirat Abiola, due to her shameless agitation over her release from custody and restoring her mandate, was murdered in Lagos in 1996.
10. Abiola refused all conditions for his release
It was alleged that the military gave Abiola favorable conditions for him to be released. They allegedly included for him to resign his term and get a refund for all of his extensive electoral expenses.
11. The international community asked for his release
The international community and human rights activists around the world have called for his release during his four years in prison. Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Pope John Paul II were also reported to have made efforts to free him.
12. Abiola died in an unverified condition
After Abacha's death on June 8, 1998, Abiola died on July 7 of the same year in suspicious circumstances. The official autopsy of his death, released, noted that he died of natural causes. However, the autopsy performed by international medical examiners was not released.
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